“All the people who are with him will flee. I will strike down only the king.” (2 Samuel 17:3)
I am continuing to work on 1-2 Samuel, and am amazed at the typological richness of 2 Samuel 13-17. I am more and more of the opinion that when the apostles argued ‘that it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer,’ they were thinking especially of David in the books of Samuel (and as refracted in the Psalms).
In these chapters alone, David is abandoned, cursed, denied, and betrayed. He is reduced to tears on the Mount of Olives. In response to cursing, he forgives. In response to betrayal, he grieves.
Of course, for the Jews hearing these things in exilic redaction, none of these elements were ‘prophecies’ awaiting fulfilment. But the merciful perseverance of God’s anointed shepherd-king was surely pregnant with hope for a future son in his likeness. That this future son would not just overcome like David, but suffer like David, is the shocking conclusion of the New Testament.