Like many others throughout history, Erasmus draws on Chrysostom in his reading of 1 Corinthians (as he mentions in the dedicatory letter to his ‘Paraphrases on 1 Corinthians’). Like Chrysostom, he sees the ‘disease’ of the Corinthians as arising from various worldly appetites and philosophies, but especially – fundamentally – from pride. So, for example, in chapters 1-4, while factionalism is the presenting issue, it is pride that is the ‘source’ or ‘disease’. This prideful ‘disease’ needs to be countered by Paul with the gospel of the cross of Christ:
In the first place, having declared at the beginning his own confidence that they would persevere in the gospel of Christ, he scolds and teaches them rather sternly not to glory in humans through human contentiousness, but through concord and unanimity to glory in Christ, to whom alone all things ought to be credited, incidentally pointing to swelling pride as the source of such dissession. Therefore, from the arrogance of worldly philosophy, he calls them back to the humility of the cross, which although it has no ostentation, nevertheless has power and effectiveness. (‘The Argument of the First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians by Erasmus of Rotterdam,’ in Collected Works of Erasmus 43, p22)
For those interested, I have a substantial discussion of John Chrysostom’s sense of these things in chapter 3 of my Paul and the Rhetoric of Reversal, although when I wrote it I didn’t realise the extent to which Erasmus echoes Chrysostom’s thought on this matter.