There are a lot of good resources out there on 1 Corinthians. I suggested to my students at the beginning of this semester that the top four are (in no particular order):
- Ciampa & Rosner
But there are a number of others that are well worth consulting: Fitzmyer, Collins, Witherington, Robertson & Plummer, Hays, etc.
And now as I’m working through the 2014 commentary by Mark Taylor, I’m really liking it – I’ll be adding this to my ‘top five’ next time I run units on 1 Corinthians. I’m only up to chapter four so far, but he has a good sense of the letter, makes wise interpretative decisions, and is able to engage with other viewpoints without becoming overly wordy.
In terms of German works on the letter, the most important are by Schrage, Zeller, and Merklein, although there are others by Klaiber and Schnabel that are worth a look.
In terms of historical commentaries, the most important – without a doubt – is that of John Chrysostom. This is partly because he is an attentive interpreter of Paul, and partly because he has been so influential on later commentators. I also like to look at what Aquinas, Erasmus, Luther, and Calvin have to say. The ‘early church’ compilation commentaries by ACCS and Kovacs are also worthwhile.
In terms of specialist books on 1 Corinthians, again, there are so many to choose from. The volume Christianity at Corinth by Adams and Horrell is very useful, as is the whole ‘Corinth in…’ series by Friesen et al. In terms of the arrangement of the letter, there are volumes by Hurd and Mitchell that are worth considering (even if they don’t finally convince). In terms of backgrounds, there are surveys such as Murphy-O’Connor’s St Paul’s Corinth, as well as my own World of 1 Corinthians. In terms of specific issues in Corinth, it is worth consulting Clarke on leadership, Winter on external factors, and Barnett on internal church dynamics.
In terms of applications to life and ministry, the expositions by Carson are worth looking into. Also, the ‘application commentary’ by Blomberg, and the ‘Teach the Text’ Commentary by Vang are nice volumes.
In terms of theology of the letter, it is definitely worth reading through Barth’s Resurrection of the Dead, at least to get you thinking.
There are a lot of good resources that I’ve left out, but these are some good starting places for people interested in seriously studying the letter.